How to improve receding gums?

What is Receding gums? What to do for receding gum? 

What are the gums?

Receding gums is a disease that damages the soft, pink tissue surrounding the teeth. Gums consist of pink tissue in the mouth that is found at the base of the teeth. The gingival tissue is dense. For each set of teeth, there is only one gum or gingiva.

It has a better supply of blood vessels under a moist surface, called a mucous membrane. The gingival tissue connects with the whole mouth lining, but it is pink in place of shiny red.

The gums are tightly attached to the jawbone and firmly cover each tooth up to the neck. gums protect teeth by covering their roots when intact. A gingival recession disease occurs after a person has perceived a loss of tissue in the gum. It discloses the delicate roots of the teeth to bacteria and plaque and can lead to tooth decay.

Gum Recession

Receding gum is a condition that occurs when the gum tissue’s margins that surround the teeth away back disclose more of the tooth. When gums are receding, “pockets,” or gaps, are formed between the teeth and the gum line, making it easier for disease-causing microorganisms to build up. If this disease is left untreated, the teeth’ supporting tissue and bone structures can be damaged severely and may ultimately cause tooth loss.

Gum recession is the most common problem of teeth. Most people don’t know that their gums are receding because it occurs gradually.

The first symptom of gum recession is commonly seen in tooth sensitivity, or you can experience a tooth that looks longer and wider than normal. Commonly, a notch may be felt near the gum line.Receding gums are not the thing you want to ignore. If you think that your gums are receding, visit your dentist. Some treatments can repair the gum disease and prevent further damage.

Receding gums may become a health concern when the roots of your teeth become exposed, leaving the teeth at the risk of decay, infection, and tooth loss.If people start their treatment at an early stage of gum recession, they can stop or reverse the receding gums.

Many treatments are available if your gums are receding severely and causing symptoms, such as tooth sensitivity, pain, or infection. These treatments include

  •  deep cleaning
  •  medicating infections
  •  tissue grafts

Receding gums is somehow a common condition, but people often do not experience their gums receding until a late stage in the process.

Why do gums recede?

Poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease are the common causes of gum recession. However, receding gums can also happen in people who have good oral hygiene.

Inflammation of the tissues and Physical wear of the gums are the main reasons for gum recession.

Some people may also be sensitive to receding gums because of genetic factors. These genetic factors include the position of the teeth in the mouth and gum thickness.

Physical wear of the gums by aggressive tooth brushing or hard bristles is a most common cause of receding gums—over-brushing causes gum recession even when your dental hygiene might otherwise be good.

This type of gum recession often affects the left side of the mouth more. Most people use a toothbrush in their right hand and put more pressure on the left side of the gums. The pattern also enhances the effects side of the gums more than the frontal area.

Other physical factors include pushing the gums back like lip or tongue piercings, disorderly placed teeth, and damage from previous dental treatment.

Some people are more susceptible to the inflammatory causes of gum recession s due to having more fragile tissue. Thinner gum tissue makes it more susceptible that plaque causes inflammation.When plaque is produced on the teeth, it can lead to the following dental conditions:

Inflamed gums

Inflamed gums are also called gingivitis, and they can lead to periodontitis.

Periodontitis

Due to this disease, space is formed between the gums and the teeth. It can cause the loss of connective fibers and bone around the tooth roots. It can ultimately lead to gum recession and bone loss.

Periodontal disease is a primary cause of gum recession. Periodontal disease leads to the loss of the supporting bone around a tooth due to an inflammatory reaction.

Risk factors for gum recession

Age is the main risk factor for receding gums. Around 88 percent of trusted sources of people older than 60 years have gum recession in at least one tooth.People who smoke and use tobacco products daily also face an increased risk of receding gums.

Genetics is another factor, as people with thin or weak gums can pass these characteristics on via their genes.Diabetes can also increase trusted Source the risk of receding gums. 

Symptoms of Gum recession

If your gums are receding, it can cause teeth to feel more sensitive to cold and heat. Many people with these gums may have no concerns about them early on and might not know that their gums are receding.

However, when people have the disease of gum, they may experience the following symptoms:

  • concerns about changing the appearance of a tooth, as the tooth appears longer or wider and the space are formed between teeth
  • fear of tooth loss
  • sensitivity to cold and heat due to disclosing tooth roots

Most importantly, receding gums can be a sign of given dental problems, including gum disease, and can enhance the risk of tooth decay and tooth loss. They can also lead to bad breath and bleeding gums.

How to Treat Gum Recession?

Your dentist can treat mild gum recession by a deep cleansing of your affected area. Plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth and root surfaces below the gum line is carefully removed during tooth scaling and root planing. The exposed root area is smoothed, making it more sensitive for bacteria to attach with themselves. 

Antibiotics can also be given to the patient to get rid of any harmful bacteria.

If your gum disease may not be treated with deep cleaning (tooth scaling and root planing) because of too much loss of bone and pockets that are too deep, gum surgery is the option to repair the damage to gums caused by gum recession.

What Type of Surgery Is Used to Treat the Gum recession?

some surgical techniques which are given below are used to treat gums recession:

Open flap scaling and root planing

During this procedure, the periodontist ( a gum doctor) withdraws the affected gum tissues, removes some of the harmful bacteria from the gabs, and easily stores the gum tissue over the tooth root, thus removing the gabs or reducing their size.

Regeneration

If the bone which supports your teeth is destroyed due to gum disease, a process to regenerate lost bones and tissue will be prescribed. As with a reduction in the depth of the pocket, your doctor will fold over the tissues and eliminate the harmful bacteria. A membrane, graft tissue, or tissue-stimulating protein are regenerative materials applied to stimulate your body to reestablish bone and tissue in that affected area naturally. After the regenerative material is put into that place, the gum tissue is secured over the tooth’s root.

Soft tissue graft

 There are a lot of gum tissue graft procedures, but the most frequently used is a connective tissue graft procedure. In this technique, a skin flap is removed on the roof of the mouth and tissue from the bottom line of the flap. After removing connective tissue, the graft has been eliminated from beneath the flap; the flap is sewed back down.

During another type of graft procedure, called a free gingival graft, tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth. Sometimes, if you have more gum tissue around the affected teeth, the dentist can graft gum near the tooth, not remove tissue from the roof of the mouth. This procedure is called a pedicle graft.Your dentist recommends the best procedures to use on your teeth based on your individual needs.

Other Treatments

Some cases of mild gum recession do not need this treatment. Periodontists may suggest prevention and offer to experience the gums. Teaching effectively but softly brushing your teeth is an effective early intervention.

For those people who do need treatments, some options are available:

Desensitizing agents, varnishes, and dentin bonding agents

These products aim to decrease the sensitivity of the disclosed tooth root. Desensitizing agents treat the nerve symptoms and help conserve oral hygiene by modifying the brushing of sensitive teeth.

Composite restoration

A dentist uses tooth-colored composite resins to cover the surface of the root. They can also remove the black gaps between teeth.

Pink porcelain or composite

This material is the same pink color as the gums and can fill the gaps between the teeth when your gums are receded.

Removable gum veneers

These are acrylic or silicone, and they can artificially fill the large area of missing gum tissue due to gum recession.

Orthodontics

orthodontics may include some treatments that slowly move the location of the teeth over a long era. This relocation can be accurate in the gum margin and make it easy to keep your teeth clean.

Surgery

A dental surgeon grafts tissues from another side in the mouth and is cured over the gum recession. A person would commonly only need this to treat severely receding gums.

How Can I Prevent Gum Recession?

Some causes of gum recession are preventable.

The most obvious, most preventable cause is aggressive brushing of the teeth. People should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoid aggressive brushing, applying gentle strokes.

Plaque buildup and tartar can cause periodontal disease, so maintaining good oral hygiene is the main factor in preventing gum disease.People who have concerns about their teeth or receding gums should visit their dentist from time to time to discuss their worries.

Conclusion

If your gums are receding, your dentist wants to see your condition more often. Always use a soft-bristled toothbrush and ask your dentist to tell you the genuine way for brushing your teeth. If you experience that your gums are receding due to a misaligned bite or teeth grinding, talk to your dentist about this problem. Other ways to prevent gum recession include:

  • Quit smoking if you smoke.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Observe changes that may occur in your mouth.

By having good oral health, you can have a healthy smile forever.